Archives for Xerox

The First GUI Personal Computer, The Xerox Alto

The Xerox Alto was the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.The first machines were introduced on 1 March 1973, a decade before mass market GUI machines arose. The Alto uses a custom multi-chip central processing unit (CPU) filling a small cabinet, and each machine cost tens of thousands…